Flight is arguably one of the most demanding modes of locomotion for mammals.
As seen in this forelimb of a bat, all of the elements are greatly elongated and also slimmed down. The ulna is fused to the radius for most of its length, and this fusion enhances the stability of the limb. The metacarpals and phalanges are all very elongated, and this specialization provides a much greater surface area for the attachment of the wing membrane.
All of the bones are thinly built and lightweight, thus reducing the amount of energy required for flight.
Although you might be surprised to be learning about armadillos, deer, and bats in a course on biological anthropology, these examples demonstrate how useful it is to take an approach rooted in comparative anatomy in order to better understand functional morphology.
Consider the following statement: The forelimbs of many mammals have more highly specialized skeletal features for locomotion as compared to the relatively more generalized primates.
List at least two specific skeletal features in the deer forelimb that support this statement
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